Blood & Urine Test
Lab test profiles are designed to screen for disease in as many systems of the body as possible. Early detection of disease conditions will give you the opportunity of disease prevention. Curative treatment can be instituted and many diseases can be treated early and complications can be prevented. From these screening tests we will determine if further tests are necessary and so saving you the costs of unnecessary investigations.
Because reference ranges (except for some lipid studies) are typically defined as the range of values of the median 95% of the healthy population, it is unlikely that a given specimen, even from a healthy patient, will show “normal” values for all the tests in a lengthy profile. Therefore, caution should be exercised to prevent overreaction to miscellaneous, mild abnormalities without clinical correlate.
Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin (the hormone that converts food into energy). There are several types of diabetes, the most common of which is type 2. In fact, about 95% of people with diabetes have type 2.
Diabetes is a chronic disease that has no cure and can cause many serious complications such as eye disease, kidney failure, and nerve damage that can lead to amputation. Having diabetes significantly increases your risk of stroke and heart disease.
Screening for Type 2 Diabetes
- A quick and easy finger-stick screening that measures blood sugar levels following eight hours of fasting, our Blood Glucose test helps identify diabetes —a major risk factor for heart disease and stroke — as well as monitor blood sugar levels for those already diagnosed with the disease.
Blood pressure measures how much force a person’s blood is putting on the artery walls as the heart pumps. High blood pressure, or hypertension, occurs when that person’s heart has to work extra hard to pump blood throughout the body. High blood pressure often happens when arteries lose their elasticity through hardening caused by cholesterol, plaque or scarring.
Screening for high blood pressure
- Quick and easy, this test is performed at every one of our heart screenings. It involves a pressure cuff being placed around your upper arm to monitor both diastolic and systolic blood pressure. The results are then compared to a standardized blood pressure chart.
Lipids are substances in the blood that are related to cholesterol. They are a kind of fat found in certain foods and made by the liver. Three types of lipids used in measuring your total cholesterol level are:
Low-density lipoprotein, or LDL, carries about 65% of the cholesterol in blood. Known as the “bad” cholesterol, LDL can build up in the walls of the arteries that feed the heart and brain. Along with other substances, it can form plaque—a thick, hard deposit that can clog those arteries. When this happens, the condition is known as atherosclerosis.
High-density lipoprotein, or HDL, carries about 30% of the cholesterol in blood. HDL is known as “good” cholesterol because it carries LDL away from the arteries and back to the liver, where it’s passed from the body. A high HDL level helps prevent heart disease, while a low HDL level increases the risk of heart attack and stroke.
Triglycerides are the most common type of fat. Like cholesterol, they circulate in blood but are stored in the body for extra energy. Triglyceride levels increase significantly after eating. A high triglyceride level combined with a low HDL or high LDL can speed up the process of plaque formation in the arteries.
Screening for High Cholesterol
- Complete Lipid Panel Screening
- A simple finger-stick screening, this procedure measures three different kinds of lipids in your blood (HDL, LDL and triglycerides) as well as total cholesterol. Your lipid levels are important in determining your heart health. Watch this cholesterol screening video to learn more:
How do you know if your testosterone level needs a boost?
Most likely, you will need a blood test for that to measure both the free testosterone and something called the Sex Hormone Binding Globulin.
The best times for those tests seems to be between 7 a.m. and 10 a.m. If your readings are low, don’t be surprised if you will need a second test.
With males, testicles produce most of the testosterone. Levels in youths can be checked if puberty arrives either early or late. A man can be checked if he is infertile, has erectile dysfunction, little interest in sex, or a thinning of the bones.
In females, most of the testosterone comes from the ovaries. Women tend to get checked for the opposite reason that men are. With men, it’s a worry that levels are too low; with women, the concern is that levels are too high, thus showing these possible symptoms:
- Acne and oily skin
- A change in a female’s voice
- Decreased breast size
- Hair growing in places that most do not want it, like a mustache, a beard or on the female breast, buttocks or inner thighs
- Increased size of the clitoris
- Irregular menstrual periods
- Thinning hair
So what’s it mean if your levels are too high?
It could be, for women, a tumor in the ovaries, or for men, cancer of the testes, or for either gender, medications that increase testosterone levels. And if the levels are low? Here are some of the possibilities:
- A chronic illness
- A pituitary gland that isn’t doing its job
- A diseased or injured hypothalamus
- Testicle disease
- A pituitary gland tumor
So what’s a normal testosterone level?
It varies by age, and physical condition, and can vary a great by age — for men, the older they get, the lower the number gets, for instance. But an average used by the National Institutes of Health holds these figures out as normal:
- For men, 300-1,000 nanograms per deciliter.
Leaving aside the ubiquitous television advertisements for prescription drugs aimed at men to raise testosterone levels, health experts say there is little you can do for yourself naturally to boost your levels.